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 Post Posted: Tue Mar 08, 2011 8:29 am 
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The new cyber arms race

Tomorrow's wars will be fought not just with guns, but with the click of a mouse half a world away
that will unleash weaponized software that could take out everything from the power grid to a chemical plant.
http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Military/2 ... -arms-race

CIA website disruption may have been work of a prankster

As agency continues probe, specialists theorize on denial of service similar
to recent attack by defenders of WikiLeaks.
http://www.govexec.com/story_page.cfm?a ... dcn=e_gvet

Who Controls The Internet? (Not the CIA)

Who controls the Internet? This is a question that has reemerged in recent weeks as the crisis in the
Middle East and North Africa has unfolded. Reports of Egypt's shutdown of network operators left many
asking whether other nations, including the U.S., could flip a "kill switch" and bring down the Internet
in their respective nations. (For the record, the U.S. government could not easily do so.) Egypt is not
the first country to deny service to the Internet for its citizens -- Iran and China, for example, both
have blocked traffic, content, and services. Indeed, North Korea has blocked all Internet access to its citizens.
http://cybersecurityreport.nextgov.com/ ... ternet.php

Cybersecurity to be core requirement at Navy

ANNAPOLIS, Md. - The Naval Academy is changing its core curriculum for the first time in
about 10 years by adding two cybersecurity courses, academy officials announced Monday.
http://www.navytimes.com/news/2011/03/a ... vy-030711/

Navy Hearings: The Week Ahead

This week in Congress it's all about the Navy and its shipbuilding programs, with a dash of radical Muslims
and some worldwide threat analysis thrown in for leavening. The Senate Armed Services Committee kicks things
off on Tuesday morning at 9:30 with its so-called posture hearing on the Navy. This is the committee's chance to
http://www.dodbuzz.com/2011/03/07/navy- ... eek-ahead/

Defence: A Question Of Scale

So vast is the Pentagon's budget - one in five government dollars goes on defense - that the impact of any
cuts will reverberate around the world, influencing everything from a possible pull-out of U.S. troops from
Europe to the response to China's rise and whether to invest in 20th-century equipment such as aircraft
carriers or 21st-century cyberwar technology.
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/695f48d8-4823 ... ab49a.html

2020s will be costly Cost Of Decommissioning Nimitz-Class Among CNO's Chief Concerns
By Andrew Burt, March 7, 2011

Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Gary Roughead's biggest concern for the future of his service is the severe stress the
shipbuilding plan will undergo during the 2020s, when extraordinarily expensive replacements for the Ohio-class submarine
fleet are set to come online, and when numerous ships are scheduled for decommissioning like the Nimitz-class
nuclear-powered aircraft carriers -- something that he called "not a cheap proposition."

Speaking at a Credit Suisse conference in Arlington, VA on March 2, the Navy's top military officer outlined the problem
he sees for the 2020s.

"In the '80s we built ships: four-five submarines a year, four-five destroyers a year," he said. "If you do the math
they're all coming due in 2020. So you have these large numbers of ships that are starting to fall out."

But Roughead added that decommissioning the Nimitz-class nuclear-powered carriers will add further stress as well.

"We have the refuelings of aircraft carriers that happened periodically," he said, referring to the process of
restocking the ship's nuclear generator. "But the other thing that's going to happen that we haven't had to deal
with in a long time is the defueling and decommissioning of the initial Nimitz-class nuclear aircraft carriers.
They lay in in the '20s."

Worries over the shipbuilding plan for the 2020s are not new. Roughead recently told InsideDefense.com that the stress
caused by the $60 billion, 12 boat SSBN(X) program meant to replace the Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine should
be funded outside the service's shipbuilding budget.

That program, set to ramp up in the 2020s, is so expensive that it should "not necessarily be in the shipbuilding account,"
he said.

Worries over that decade translate to Roughead's current concerns over the industrial base, which is already finding
itself under stress. Northrop Grumman is hoping to spin off or shutdown its shipyards -- a move the Navy is carefully

"We believe that our shipbuilding programs are a high priority for national defense, but under budgetary pressures,
one or more of our programs may be reduced, extended or terminated by our U.S. government customers," the company
wrote in an October letter to the Securities and Exchange Commission, attempting to justify those plans.

The shifting industrial base, and the possible risks that these shifts entail, have many in the Navy worried.

"What sort of industrial base do you have to have in place?" Roughead asked, referring to the shipbuilding needs of
the 2020s. "This need for capacity as you go through this decade we're in now to get us into a position in the '20s
I think is absolutely critical."

Roughead also tied concerns over the industrial base to concerns over China's military modernization.

"You'll hear about new developments that are taking place in China and the proliferation of those developments,"
he said. "I'm rather comfortable with our capability overmatch, [but] our capacity is where I think we're going
to be challenged."

Budget Delay Has Defense Officials Worried And Angry

Defense officials are shaking their heads in disbelief as congressional leaders continue to delay
passing a wartime defense appropriations bill for fiscal year 2011, which began last October.

Navy Review of Service Directorate Mergers Due Next Month
By Carlo Munoz, March 7, 2011

A internal Navy review exploring the possible merger of portions from the service's surface warfare, submarine and
expeditionary warfare directorates under the information dominance banner is underway, with the findings due to senior
service leadership by the end of March. Rear Adm. Matthew Klunder, director for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities at the N2/N6, said the review being conducted by a Navy Audit Team commissioned by Navy Secretary Ray Mabus
and Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Gary Roughead are putting the final touches on potential merger options.

"The Secretary of the Navy and the CNO have asked us...[to] take a look and see what you think" regarding a possible
merger, Klunder said. "They have not completed their study yet...but that will be done, we think, in a month."

Specifically, the service review is "looking to see how those adjustments may play out" between the information dominance
shop (N2/N6) and the surface warfare (N86), expeditionary warfare (N85) and submarine warfare (N87) divisions, Klunder
said in a March 4 interview with Defense Daily.

"People have always accused [the military] of being stovepiped. We have refused to do that," Klunder said of the
ongoing effort.

Once complete, the recommendations will be reviewed by Klunder and other division heads, who will review and pass
on the report's conclusions, along with their findings, to Mabus and Roughead for final approval.

The N2/N6 has been tasked as the overall Navy authority concerning UAS program coordination and development, specifically
airborne and submersible unmanned platforms. However, the UAS arena and associated platforms and operations cross a number
of warfighting domains in the Navy and across DoD.

"Let's say N2/N6 is designing our larger-diameter [unmanned underwater vehicle], which we are doing...we have to ensure
that the payloads, payload capacity and space in that UUV can indeed, if we so decide, can have a sensor from the submarine
community or have a sensor from the expeditionary community," Klunder said. "They can roll into there and it is not something
they can [say] 'I didn't know about that.'" So, in reality, that is what we are doing."

Aside from the service review, the ISR chief said he holds quarterly "cross-functional team meetings" with the heads of
the surface, expeditionary and submarine warfare divisions "and go across any kind of seams...specifically in the unmanned
realm." In addition, Klunder and other division chiefs also head up an "Undersea Dominance Steering Group" who's primary
focus is development and guidance of unmanned underwater system capabilities.

"Whatever adjustments we end up making or not making...I am very happy that if there is a system that N85 is working over
there in expeditionary warfare, the N2/N6 is well in tune to how we can support that, and vice versa," according to Klunder.

While the organizational shift being considered has garnered attention at the highest levels within the service, Klunder was
adamant that if a consolidation within the Navy shops were to occur, it would not mark the end of UAS efforts in any of the
affected directorates.

"N86 is not going away. N85 is not going away. N2/N6 is not going away. We are going to work well together...but there are
some elements that may find a healthier leadership role under N2/N6, or maybe not," Klunder said.

Even if Navy leadership opts to leave the current structure as is, the existing interservice groups already driving solutions
in the UAS field will continue to ensure that such capabilities will reflect the needs of the entire service.

"If we do, at some point, decide to maybe take over some greater responsibility, unmanned or not, regardless we are going
to have these well vetted idea exchanges and meetings," via the cross functional teams and the steering group, he said.

Monterey deploys for European missile defense

NORFOLK, Va. - A warship capable of detecting and shooting down ballistic missiles headed for the
Mediterranean Sea on Monday as the U.S. started implementing its plan to protect Europe from a...
http://www.navytimes.com/news/2011/03/a ... se-030711/

CNO: Network warfare central Software Updates Needed To Allow Comms Interoperability In AirSea Battle
By Cid Standifer, March 7, 2011

The AirSea Battle concept may focus largely on software upgrades to achieve interoperability, according to top Navy
and Air Force officials.

At a Credit Suisse conference on March 2, Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Norton Schwartz said the study, which began
last year, is examining ways for the Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force to cooperate in terms of tactics, concepts of
operations and programmatic items like jamming and missile development.

"Many of these advanced capabilities, including those for anti-access and area denial, are largely software-driven with
upgrades and changes that are enabled by mere software updates," he said. "This calls not just for more and better systems
and response, but also for more autonomous and evolve-able systems which we believe would prove effective at helping us
contain at least in part our problem of rising costs."

Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Gary Roughead told reporters at the same conference that some of the Navy's accommodations
for AirSea Battle would involve software upgrades as well. "There are also some capabilities that are part of our
investment decision," he said. "Clearly there's a lot of attention on electronic warfare, electronic attack, cyber . . .
The Navy and the Marine Corps are focused on the aviation piece, but AirSea Battle for me is also surface and subsurface."

Schwartz said the Navy's submarine fleet could offer one opportunity for more integrated operations.

"There are two stealth platforms we use in the services: we have the B-2, the Navy has submarines," he said. "Is there
something about those two platforms that can reinforce the actions, activity and productivity of those respective platforms
if we think broadly about mutual support?"

Asked if he could be more specific, Schwartz said the Navy and Air Force are still examining the subject and have not
reached any conclusions. Roughead declined to provide further details. At an Aviation Week conference on Feb. 16, Air Force
Maj. Gen. David Scott, director of operational capability requirements, said many of the new ideas involved in AirSea Battle
simply involve making sure that the various services are capable of communicating with each other.

"Our F-35s need to talk to our F-22s need to talk to the Aegis cruiser need to talk to the E-2D need to talk to their guys,"
he said. "We don't do that right now very well across the services, and some of it is in the world of requirements. We have
these net-ready [key performance parameters] and we're compliant. They're not interoperable, because compliant is easy and
interoperable is hard."

Scott stressed that the AirSea Battle plan involves the entire Navy Department, noting the inclusion of the Marine Corps in
that term. He said the Army has also been brought into talks to make sure that soldiers on the ground can communicate with
the Navy and Air Force in joint operations.

Official: DOD Requests 'Reasonable' $181 Million For Audit Readiness

Army, Navy send out memos As the deadline looms for the Pentagon to get its finances in order for a first-ever
department-wide audit, a senior defense official contends that the Defense Department has requested enough resources
in its recently released budget to achieve the longstanding goal.

Could be sized for DDG -Electromagnetic Rail Gun Scaled Back To Fire 50 to 100 Nautical Miles
By Cid Standifer, March 7, 2011

The Office of Naval Research will likely scale back its ambitions for the Electromagnetic Rail Gun, according
to the head of the Navy's research establishment.

Rear Adm. Nevin Carr told Inside the Navy during a break in a congressional hearing on March 1 that the sheer physics
of the system makes it inefficient to push the weapon past 32 Megajoules, which the system prototype has already
achieved in test shots.

"Turns out there's kind of a knee in the curve of cost versus benefit right around 32 Megajoules," he said. "After that,
the velocity of the projectile, the g forces involved, make the development of the projectile much more difficult, so for
a variety of reasons we're looking at focusing the rail gun project more on 20 to 32."

That amount of energy would send the projectile 50 to 100 nautical miles, which Carr said would be sufficient for a
long-range strike, and its velocity would still exceed Mach 7 coming out of the barrel. Until recently, however, the
program had aimed for about 64 megajoules, which would send the projectile closer to 200 nautical miles.

Carr added that ONR is looking at what would be required to scale the rail gun for a DDG destroyer in terms of space,
weight, power and cooling.

"We're also looking at it potentially for air defense," he added.

Marine Corps Commandant Gen. James Amos has said that the rail gun could eventually fill the gap in naval surface fire
support left by the cancellation of the Non Line-Of-Sight missile and the truncation of the DDG-1000 line of ships,
which is designed to carry the advanced gun system. ONR expects to test the rail gun at sea in 2018. Carr said it should
be available to put on a ship shortly after that in the 2020s.

The case to restart the DDG-1000 class (At What Cost??) (Germans Had much Better technology than us in WWII but didn't win)

The admiral is reported to have touted the venerable - but dated - Arleigh Burke-class of destroyer as having
capabilities superior to the DDG-1000 in "integrated air defense." While this may be the case today, this is
so precisely because the Navy has taken steps to ensure that the Zumwalt class is not upgraded to make it a
first-class air defense ship. In fact, by cancelling the dual band radar originally planned for Zumwalt,
it would appear that the plan is to ensure the ship's inferiority in this critical warfare area.
http://www.timesrecord.com/articles/201 ... 411641.txt

Rising Fuel Prices Could Cripple U.S. Military Training

Rising fuel prices, combined with the lack of an official 2011 budget, could hamstring U.S. military training,
according to Defense Department officials and analysts.

Virtual LCS Ships Train Navy Sailors

The USS Freedom and USS Independence are so high tech each came with a $15 million simulator. The ship simulators
are located inside a building at the Littoral Combat Ship Training Facility on Naval Base San Diego. They are the
Navy's first combat navigation simulators. Inside each simulator room is a life-sized bridge about the size of a
700 square foot apartment that precisely replicates the Navy's newest battle ships.
http://www.kpbs.org/news/2011/mar/04/vi ... y-sailors/

Female GIs struggle with higher rate of divorce

For women in the military, there's a cold, hard reality: Their marriages are more than twice as likely
to end in divorce as those of their male comrades - and up to three times as likely for enlisted women.
http://ap.stripes.com/dynamic/stories/U ... TE=DEFAULT

Report: Too many whites, men leading military (Quotas??)

WASHINGTON - The U.S. military is too white and too male at the top and needs to change recruiting
and promotion policies and lift its ban on women in combat, an independent report for Congress...
http://www.navytimes.com/news/2011/03/a ... ry-030711/

Deadline extended for special military pay (How many extensions do you get for your taxes??)

Service members and vets have until March 18 to file for 'stop loss' pay.
http://www.govexec.com/story_page.cfm?a ... dcn=e_gvet

OPM seeks feedback on new internship program

Details of Pathways still under consideration, officials say.
http://www.govexec.com/story_page.cfm?a ... dcn=e_gvet

It's Nobody's Turn

Not even political professionals have a clue who will be the Republican presidential nominee.

Debate on Muslim Radicalization Heats Up

A House Homeland Security Committee hearing this week is renewing a national debate on what the government
can do to counter efforts to radicalize U.S. Muslims without alienating the Islamic world. The panel's chairman
said Muslims don't cooperate enough with law enforcement to stop young followers' radicalization by al-Qaida-linked
http://www.military.com/news/article/de ... ts-up.html

Drawing U.S. Crowds With Anti-Islam Message

Brigitte Gabriel, who is from Lebanon, has dire warnings about Muslims in the United States.
But some in counterterrorism say she does a disservice to the country.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/us/08 ... l?emc=eta1

One big exception to a government shutdown (Congress Shouldn't get paid till they have a budget)

When it comes to coping with a government shutdown, the legislative and executive branches
are certainly separate - but they may not be equal.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

Kerry, McConnell whack budget adversaries on seriousness

Democrat says cuts could slow down economic recovery.
http://www.govexec.com/story_page.cfm?a ... dcn=e_gvet

'Gang of 6' senators launch public campaign to support deficit reduction

RICHMOND - While Washington bickers noisily over cutting a small slice of the federal budget, Sens. Mark Warner,
a Virginia Democrat, and Saxby Chambliss, a Georgia Republican, launched a campaign Monday to convince the public
that merely cutting spending will do little to tame the $14 trillion ...
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

America's grim budget outlook

What Washington should learn from the Mideast protests.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

Why Social Security is welfare

Shared sacrifice must include the elderly.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

Republicans need to take a stand on health-care reform

It's put-up-or-shut-up time for Republicans. They managed to make it through the health-care debate without offering
serious solutions of their own, and - perhaps more impressive - through the election by promising to tell us their
solutions after they'd won. But the jig is up. They need a health...
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

2 Blue Cross directors justify stipends ($84K for part time work, sign me up!!)

COMPENSATION "Because it's a $13 billion company, there's a lot of responsibility for directors,"
said Blue Cross director Paul Guzzi, who received $84,463 from the insurer last year
http://www.boston.com/business/healthca ... _stipends/

Debit Card Fees Prompt a Push Near Deadline

The Federal Reserve is scheduled to write rules for debit card fees in April, and
lobbyists for merchants and the banking industry are determined to sway the outcome.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/busin ... l?emc=eta1

Summers defends stimulus programs

Says they saved US from collapse
http://www.boston.com/business/articles ... _programs/

AWOL over? Wisconsin Dems reportedly ask to meet with Gov. Walker

Returning to the state would allow the Republican-controlled chamber to pass the bill.
http://www.govexec.com/story_page.cfm?a ... dcn=e_gvet

Wisconsin's Walker accuses Senate Democrats of blocking negotiations

A chance to end the legislative standoff that has paralyzed the Wisconsin government for weeks seemed
to slip away Monday after Gov. Scott Walker (R) accused the leader of the state Senate Democrats of
blocking negotiations to end the impasse.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

Gas prices continue to climb

State average is up 14 cents; effect seen in driving habits
http://www.boston.com/business/markets/ ... _to_climb/

Pepco reliability plan 'cobbled together' without detailed study, report finds (Just like Government)

Pepco's multimillion-dollar plan to reduce power outages and improve reliability was "cobbled together"
without detailed study and could fail to achieve its goals, a team of independent consultants has found.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

Karzai foretells hard year in Afghanistan

KABUL, Afghanistan - Afghanistan's president has warned his people that the coming year will be difficult
as U.S.-led forces slowly start handing over responsibility for the country's security...
http://www.navytimes.com/news/2011/03/a ... an-030811/

U.S.: Raids have taken out 900 Taliban leaders

U.S.-led military forces have captured or killed more than 900 Taliban leaders in the past 10 months,
making it harder for the insurgency to maintain its offensive capabilities, according to the U.S....
http://www.navytimes.com/news/2011/03/a ... rs-030711/

Bahrain protesters appeal for U.S. backing

MANAMA, Bahrain - Hundreds of members of Bahrain's Shiite Muslim majority protested outside
the U.S. Embassy on Monday to appeal for Washington to back their campaign for greater political...
http://www.navytimes.com/news/2011/03/a ... ng-030711/

New Egyptian Government Sworn In


Discord Fills Washington on Possible Libya Intervention

Nearly three weeks after Libya erupted in what may now turn into a protracted civil war,
the politics of military intervention grow more complicated each day
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/world ... l?emc=eta1

NATO Monitors Libyan Air Space

Though the Administration remains leery of setting up a no-fly zone over Libya, Al Jazeera
reported yesterday that NATO surveillance aircraft have started to monitor Libyan airspace.
http://whatsbrewin.nextgov.com/2011/03/ ... _space.php

Libyan Government Presses Assault in East and West

Government forces began a new air attack on rebels as President Obama said the West
was considering all military options in Libya.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/world ... l?emc=eta1

Gaddafi forces attack rebels anew, even as regime appears to seek talks

Libyan forces attacked rebel-held areas again Monday, reportedly seizing control of the oil town of
Ras Lanuf after most residents evacuated. But even as Gaddafi loyalists tried to reverse the rebels'
territorial gains, an ex-prime minister appeared on state-controlled television and called for nego
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... ailarticle

Libya War Traps Poor Immigrants at Tripoli's Edge

Migrant workers, many of them illegal immigrants from Ghana and Nigeria, live amid piles of
garbage and face persecution from all sides of the Libyan conflict in a makeshift camp near
Tripoli's airport.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/world ... l?emc=eta1

Diverse Character in City Qaddafi Calls Islamist

A port city on the Mediterranean coast has been branded by Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi as a hive of
Islamist terrorism, but the reality is an example of what role religion may play in Libya's future.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/world ... l?emc=eta1

UK Explains Bungled Mission to Libya

Britain is blaming a misunderstanding for a bungled mission to contact Libya's opposition that ended
with eight people detained. The team included SAS special forces soldiers and diplomatic officials.
It is unclear whether the officials sent to forge links with anti-Gadhafi forces were intelligence
officers or diplomats.
http://www.military.com/news/article/uk ... libya.html

Were Those SAS Troops Really On A Diplomatic Mission?

http://defensetech.org/2011/03/07/were- ... c-mission/

Russia Cashes In on Anxiety Over Supply of Middle East Oil

Perceptions of stability in Russia and instability in OPEC have lifted
the ruble and Russian Micex index.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/busin ... l?emc=eta1

Taiwan to Cut 9,200 Troops as China Ties Warm


China says U.S. must stop Taiwan arms sales

The United States will put improved relations with Beijing at risk if it does not stop selling arms
to Taiwan, China's Foreign Minister said on Monday.
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/ ... MT20110307

PLA Likely to Join Future Evacuations

The Chinese army is likely to participate in more possible evacuations of overseas Chinese should
the situation require such an action, People's Liberation Army generals told Xinhua Friday.
http://www.military.com/news/article/pl ... tions.html

Graying China accelerates shift in economic growth mode




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